世界其他宗教中,有類似基督教中「聖潔」之神的概念嗎?

史普罗

問:在世界其他宗教中,是否有像基督教一樣的「神乃是聖的」概念呢?

答:沒有任何其他宗教,在有關「神是聖的」這個概念上,與基督教相同。然而,有些其他宗教在這件事上持有一種平行和近似的觀點,當然他們對神的聖潔,也有自己的看法。

比如,各種完全接受舊約聖經權威的猶太教,就一定會認可聖經中得出的聖潔觀念。我們知道,關於神聖潔之本質的啟示,新約中雖然有所擴展,但肯定不是舊約中某種特別深奧的概念。事實上,關於神之威嚴和聖潔的本質,最生動的例子往往在舊約中,讓我們可以得窺端倪。

There are two ways in which the Bible speaks of God’s holiness. The most commonly understood meaning of holiness in our culture is with respect to God’s purity or his moral virtue—his righteousness. Certainly the Bible does use holy at times to describe the righteous, moral, pure character of God, but that’s the secondary meaning of holiness. The primary meaning of holiness refers to God’s apartness—otherness, transcendence—that sense in which he is much more majestic in all of his being than is any creaturely being. The transcendence of God is a dominant motif in the Old Testament and is certainly a part of the creeds of classical Judaism and Islam, insofar as Islamic religion builds upon much that was taken from the Old Testament. They see Muhammad as a descendant of Ishmael. They give certain allegiance to the patriarchs, and they deal with that concept of holiness.

聖經中談到上帝的聖潔時,有兩種方式。在我們的文化中,最通常理解的聖潔的含義是相對於神的純潔和他的美德,他的義。當然聖經確實使用神聖的,有時來形容正義,道德,純神的角色,但是這是聖潔的第二含義。聖潔的基本含義是指上帝的apartness,差異性,超越性,這個意義上說,他是更雄偉的所有他的存在比任何苯酚生物的存在。神的超越是在舊約中佔主導地位的主題,並肯定是經典的猶太教和伊斯蘭教信條的一部分,只要伊斯蘭教是建立在一個從舊約採取多。他們認為,穆罕默德作為以實瑪利的後裔。他們給予一定的效忠族長,和他們處理聖潔的這一概念。

The great difference between Christianity and other world religions regarding God’s holiness is found in the concept of atonement. Judaism’s view of atonement in the Old Testament was the sacrificial system that was part of their worship. The Christian view sees atonement as the once-for-all sacrifice made by a Savior, a suffering Savior, who died for the sins of the people. That concept is absent in other world religions, and it has always distressed me. I don’t see how the other world religions could be comfortable with the fact of human sinfulness and the fact of the holiness of God without a mediator, without a Savior. It seems that they would have to negotiate either the sinfulness of man or the holiness of God to be comfortable where they are.

關於神的聖潔的基督教等世界宗教之間的巨大差異是在贖罪的概念中。在贖罪舊約猶太教的觀點是,這是他們崇拜的一部分祭祀制度。基督教的觀點認為贖罪的一次為所有的犧牲由救主,一個痛苦的救世主,誰死為人民的罪惡進行。這一概念是不存在在世界其他宗教,它總是心疼我。我沒有看到其他的世界宗教如何能坦然面對人類罪的事實,神沒有調停的聖潔的事實,沒有一個救世主。看來,他們將不得不進行談判的男人無論是有罪或神的聖潔,他們是很舒服。

Copyright, R.C. Sproul

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